Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley, 1948
Robinson was the first woman to serve as president of the American Mathematical Society, and was also the first woman mathematician to be elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, in 1975. She spent many years trying to solve David Hilbert's famous 10th problem (to find an effective method for determining if a given Diophantine equation is solvable in integers) and her work contributed greatly to its ultimate solution. Robinson was on the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley. Her many honors included membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellowship.