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An interior a priori estimate for parabolic difference operators and an application

Author: Magnus Bondesson
Journal: Math. Comp. 25 (1971), 43-58
MSC: Primary 65.68
MathSciNet review: 0290598
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Abstract: A general class of finite-difference approximations to a parabolic system of differential equations in a bounded domain $ \Omega $ is considered. It is shown that if a solution $ {U_h}$ of the discrete problem converges in a discrete $ {L^2}$ norm to a solution U of the continuous problem as the mesh size h tends to zero, then the difference quotients of $ {U_h}$ converge to the corresponding derivatives of U, the convergence being uniform on any compact subset of $ \Omega $. In particular, $ {U_h}$ converges uniformly on compact subsets to U as h tends to zero, provided there is convergence in the discrete $ {L^2}$ norm. The main part of the paper is devoted to the establishment of an a priori estimate for the solutions of the discrete problem. This estimate is then used to derive the stated result.

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Keywords: Parabolic difference operator, a priori estimate, boundary value problem, convergence in maximum norm, convergence of difference quotients
Article copyright: © Copyright 1971 American Mathematical Society