A finite difference approach to the infinity Laplace equation and tug-of-war games

Authors:
Scott N. Armstrong and Charles K. Smart

Journal:
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. **364** (2012), 595-636

MSC (2000):
Primary 35J70, 91A15

Published electronically:
September 14, 2011

MathSciNet review:
2846345

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Abstract: We present a modified version of the two-player ``tug-of-war'' game introduced by Peres, Schramm, Sheffield, and Wilson (2009). This new tug-of-war game is identical to the original except near the boundary of the domain , but its associated value functions are more regular. The dynamic programming principle implies that the value functions satisfy a certain finite difference equation. By studying this difference equation directly and adapting techniques from viscosity solution theory, we prove a number of new results.

We show that the finite difference equation has unique maximal and minimal solutions, which are identified as the value functions for the two tug-of-war players. We demonstrate uniqueness, and hence the existence of a value for the game, in the case that the running payoff function is nonnegative. We also show that uniqueness holds in certain cases for sign-changing running payoff functions which are sufficiently small. In the limit , we obtain the convergence of the value functions to a viscosity solution of the normalized infinity Laplace equation.

We also obtain several new results for the normalized infinity Laplace equation . In particular, we demonstrate the existence of solutions to the Dirichlet problem for any bounded continuous , and continuous boundary data, as well as the uniqueness of solutions to this problem in the generic case. We present a new elementary proof of uniqueness in the case that , , or . The stability of the solutions with respect to is also studied, and an explicit continuous dependence estimate from is obtained.

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Additional Information

**Scott N. Armstrong**

Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720

Email:
sarm@math.berkeley.edu

**Charles K. Smart**

Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720

Email:
smart@math.berkeley.edu

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-2011-05289-X

Keywords:
Infinity Laplace equation,
tug-of-war,
finite difference approximations

Received by editor(s):
July 8, 2009

Published electronically:
September 14, 2011

Article copyright:
© Copyright 2011
American Mathematical Society

The copyright for this article reverts to public domain 28 years after publication.