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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)



Existentially closed dimension groups

Author: Philip Scowcroft
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 364 (2012), 1933-1974
MSC (2010): Primary 03C60, 06F20; Secondary 03C25
Published electronically: November 17, 2011
MathSciNet review: 2869195
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Abstract: A partially ordered Abelian group $ \mathcal {M}$ is algebraically (existentially) closed in a class $ \mathcal {C}\ni \mathcal {M}$ of such structures just in case any finite system of weak inequalities (and negations of weak inequalities), defined over $ \mathcal {M}$, is solvable in $ \mathcal {M}$ if solvable in some $ \mathcal {N}\supseteq \mathcal {M}$ in $ \mathcal {C}$. After characterizing existentially closed dimension groups this paper derives amalgamation properties for dimension groups, dimension groups with order unit, and simple dimension groups. By determining the quantifier-free types that may be isolated by existential formulas the paper produces many pairwise nonembeddable countable finitely generic dimension groups. The paper also finds several elementary properties distinguishing finitely generic dimension groups among existentially closed dimension groups. The paper finally embeds nontrivial dimension groups functorially into existentially closed dimension groups.

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Additional Information

Philip Scowcroft
Affiliation: Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut 06459

Received by editor(s): January 2, 2010
Received by editor(s) in revised form: January 13, 2010, and May 23, 2010
Published electronically: November 17, 2011
Article copyright: © Copyright 2011 American Mathematical Society

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