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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
ISSN 1088-6826(online) ISSN 0002-9939(print)

Trace polynomial for two-generator subgroups of $ {\rm SL}(2,\,{\bf C})$


Author: Charles R. Traina
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 79 (1980), 369-372
MSC: Primary 10D40
MathSciNet review: 567974
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Abstract: If G is a group generated by two $ 2 \times 2$ matrices A and B having determinant $ + 1$, with entries from the complex field C, it is known that the trace of any word in A and B, $ W(A,B)$ is a polynomial with integral coefficients in the three variables: $ x = {\text{trace}}(A),y = {\text{trace}}(B),z = {\text{trace}}(AB)$, defined as

$\displaystyle {\text{trace}}\;W(A,B) = P(x,y,z),$

where P is determined uniquely by the conjugacy class of $ W(A,B)$.

The actual computation of this trace polynomial is not easily obtained. It is the purpose of this paper to derive an explicit formula for this trace polynomial, and to indicate some consequences of it.


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Additional Information

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-1980-0567974-7
PII: S 0002-9939(1980)0567974-7
Article copyright: © Copyright 1980 American Mathematical Society