The transformer that provides electricity to the AMS building in Providence went down on Sunday, April 22. The restoration of our email, website, AMS Bookstore and other systems is almost complete. We are currently running on a generator but overnight a new transformer should be hooked up and (fingers crossed) we should be fine by 8:00 (EDT) Wednesday morning. This issue has affected selected phones, which should be repaired by the end of today. No email was lost, although the accumulated messages are only just now being delivered so you should expect some delay.
Thanks for your patience.
JANUARY 1986 COUNCIL MINUTES The Council met on 6 January 1986, at 2:05 PM in the O'Hare Room of the Hyatt Regency, New Orleans. Members present were S. Armentrout, J.G. Arthur, R.A. Askey, R.G. Bartle, H. Bass, F.E. Browder,D.M. Burns, Jr., W.W. Comfort, M.G. Crandall, D. Eisenbud, W. Gautschi, J.R. Gilman, M. Hochster, W.B.Johnson, I. Kaplansky, I. Kra, M. Lowengrub, R.B. Melrose, T.K. Milnor, M.S. Montgomery, G.D. Mostow, J.E. Osborn, D.S. Passman, F.P. Peterson, E. Pitcher, M.B. Pour E. H. Rossi, L. P. Rothschild. G.R.Sell, L.W. Small, C.L. Ternq, A. Terras, W.A. Veech, D.A. Vogan, Jr., R.O. Wells, Jr., and R.F. Williams. Those invited with the privilege of the floor included C. Davis, P. Griffiths, K. Hoffman, P. Sally, Jr., M. Sward, and A. Thaler. Also present were V. Biber, W.J. LeVeque, J.W. Maxwell, J. Selfridge, J.A. Voytuk, and W.B. Woolf. President Kaplansky was in the chair. MINUTES 1.1 MINUTES OF 11 August 1985. These had been distributed by mail and were approved. 1.2 MINUTES OF 5 APRIL 1984. Although these minutes had already been approved, the Secretary observed an error. The heading of item 1.2 should read: 1.2 Minutes of Council Business by Mail of 20 February 1984. The correction was approved. COMMITTEES AND BOARDS 4.1 COUNCIL MEETING. The Council recognized that with no action there would be no meeting of the Council in August 1986 inasmuch as there is no Summer Meeting in deference to ICM-86. The Council agreed to name ten candidates member-at-large at the May meeting of the Council. This is opposed to the usual practice of naming seven in April and bringing the total to ten in August. The Council agreed to handle irregularities in the nominating procedures by mail ballot. 4.2 TRANSACTIONS EDITORS. The EC recommended that the managing editor of the TRANSACTIONS be a member of the Editorial Committee. It was noted that the managing editor will not ordinarily be a member of the committee already, and in that event, it was further recommended that the committee be enlarged by one to include the managing editor. The intent is that the managing editor can then either be the chairman of the committee and represent the committee on the Council, or be delegated by the chairman to represent the committee on the Council. The Council approved. It was noted that the immediate effect is to make William B. Johnson, managing editor, be a Council member for 1986. 4.3 NEW JOURNAL. The Committee to Monitor Problems in Communication, was charged by the EC with consideration of the scientific aspects of a proposal to establish a new journal. The source was the Trustees' Committee on Publication Program. Comm.-Comm. reviewed the proposal that came to it, concurred with it, and recommended it to the EC, which approved and forwarded the recommendation, that a new journal, provisionally titled THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY, be established with the following considerations as to standards and management. 1. The journal should maintain the highest standards in order to join the ranks of outstanding journals of the field. 2. All of the members of the Board of Editors must be mathematicians of the highest caliber. 3. There should be two or three editors-in-chief who are willing to sustain a continuing and substantial effort over a period of several years to assure that the journal will carry the tradition of excellence to which the Society aspires. 4. The remaining editors would not carry such a heavy burden, but the Board must collectively represent the areas of active research in mathematics and its applications. 5. All editors should make direct efforts to secure first class papers for publication. 6. No page charges should be levied. The Council approved a motion by Professor Hugo Rossi that the new journal be established on the lines described with the Centennial Year 1988 as the intended year of publication. The motion further authorized the President to consult distinguished mathematicians about who the editors should be. 4.3a PAGE CHARGES. Although the matter was not on the agenda, the Council passed a resolution by Irwin Kra that it was the sense of the Council that pages charges on all Society journals should be eliminated. 4.4 MULTI-YEAR MEMBERSHIP DUES. The EC recommended the principle of allowing payment of dues in advance for any number of years up to five, at the rate of the applicable full dues for the coming calendar year. The fiscal approval from the Trustees was granted in advance. The recommendation included the provision that authority to manage the details of application of the principle be delegated to the ECBT. The recommendations were approved by the Council. 4.5 A PRIVILEGE FOR CORPORATE MEMBERS. The EC recommended that corporate members be allowed the free use of one Society mailing list during each year of membership. The BT had been given its approval in advance. The council approved. 4.6 SUMMER MEETINGS. The Council of 5 April 1984, agreed that the decision about whether to hold future joint Summer Meetings with the MAA should be made after the Summer Meeting of 1986. It was noted there is no Summer Meeting in 1986, because of ICM-86, that the joint meeting of 1987 is already planned, and that the Centennial Celebration occurs in 1988. The matter concerns Summer Meetings of 1989 and beyond. Because of the impact of the financial questions on the problem of general, the following facts were pointed out. 1. The scale of registration fees has been increased to be closer to the norms for professional meetings in general. As a result, the annual deficit of the Annual and Summer Joint Meetings with the MAA has been substantially reduced. 2. The agreement on expenses with the MAA has been revised. The MAA now pays half of the deficit if any, where as their share was formerly governed by a formula that was initially realistic, but that year by year diverged from reality. 3. The issues of costs of these meetings arose when the Society was operating for several years at a deficit. Between economies and revisions in pricing, the Society now operates with a surplus sufficient to cover a small deficit in meetings, if these are deemed intrinsically valuable. The EC recommended that Summer Meetings jointly with MAA continued into the indefinite future. The Trustees, aware of this recommendation, had given their approval in advance. The Council approved the recommendation of the EC. 4.7 CONGRESSIONAL SCIENCE FELLOW. The EC and BT of November 1984 recommended that the AMS support of this program be discontinued after the 1985-86 year. The Council of 8 January 1985, did not concur, but referred the matter to the Science Policy Committee. In the attached letter, the SPC recommends that the program be continued. The EC recommended that the Council approve continuation of the program. The Trustees approved the financial expenditure in the event that the Council approved the principle. The Council approved continuation of the program. 4.8 REVIEW OF SOCIETY ACTIVITIES. The EC has a continuing mandate to review Society activities. Its self determined area for 1985 review, consisted of the publication program. The report of the EC is attached for information. 4.9 SCIENCE POLICY COMMITTEE. The Chairman, Professor Felix Browder reported. The next minute is the principal item of the report. 4.10 SCIENCE POLICY COMMITTEE CHARGE. The SPC proposes that its charge be revised. This is the committee response to a motion by Hugo Rossi, postponed from the meeting of 11 August 1985, and contained in minute 8.2 of that date. The Council considered the revision proposed by the Committee in place of the original motion of Professor Rossi. It was amended and then approved by the Council. The amended version is attached. 4.11 JOINT POLICY BOARD FOR MATHEMATICS. The Director of Federal Relations, Professor Kenneth M. Hoffman reported. His report is attached. 4.12 STATUS OF THE PROFESSION. The Joint Policy Board for Mathematics at its meeting of 26 June 1985 passed the following resolution: RESOLVED, that the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics request that the National Research Council's Boards of Mathematical Sciences and Mathematical Science Education consider the questions concerning the status of the profession as they will be formulated after a closer study by MAA on behalf of JPBM. The MAA is proceeding with the study. A member of the study committee is Hugo Rossi, who presented a progress report. 4.13 CONDUCT OF SUMMER INSTITUTES. The following agendum is quoted directly from David Eisenbud. On behalf of the organizing committee of the 1985 Summer Institute on Algebraic Geometry, I would like to make several motions designed to affect the way in which the society conducts the Summer Institutes. Supporting material can be found in the memoranda from the organizing committee and from myself, in the attachments. 1. a) I propose that the Council urge the Trustees to remove the price of the proceedings volume from the registration fee at Summer Institutes. b) I propose further, that the Council urge the Trustees to take the steps necessary to obtain NSF grants early enough to avoid substantial unrecoverable costs, and to drop the $15-per-week registration fee, or at least to reduce it to a single $15 registration fee. 2. I propose that the AMS return to its previous policy of providing copies of notes generated at Summer Institutes to individuals who request the notes within a reasonable time of the Institute, for a fee commensurate with the costs to the Society of this service. 3. I propose that the Council recommend to the Trustees the establishment of a procedure for inviting individuals (for example, those from Eastern Europe) who are unlikely to be able to accept without having these commitments tie up too much of the resources of the Institute. Naturally, such commitments would require careful supervision--perhaps from the Executive Director. In the happy, but unlikely event that some of the invitations were accepted, there would be no difficulty in finding funds among those returned to the Institute by those who decide no to come--there is a steady flow of such transactions. 4. I propose that the Council recommend to the planners of future meetings that there should be a meeting of the organizers to plan the conference; this should be made a standard budget item, if funds are necessary. The meeting should be scheduled as early as possible, given funding realities. The Councipl approved a motion by R.O. Wells, Jr. that the matter be referred to the EC and BT. 4.14 CASE OF PIOTR MORMUL. The Committee on Human Rights of Mathematicians offered the following resolution. The Council of the AMS deplores the continued harassment of our fellow mathematician Piotr Mormul. The Council urges that the criminal proceedings against him be dropped and that he be left free to pursue his promising career. The Committee noted that the resolution, if passed, should be sent to: Warsaw Public Prosecutor Prokuratura Wopjewodzka Al. Swierczewskiego 127 Warsaw, Poland with copy to: Czeslaw Olech, Director Institute of Mathematics Skrytka Pocztowa 137 00-950 Warsaw, Poland and the Secretary requested he be instructed to do so. The Council approved the resolution and the instruction to the Secretary. 4.15 OPPORTUNITIES IN MATHEMATICS FOR DISADVANTAGED GROUPS. In the attached letter, Lynn Steen, in his capacity as both President of MAA and Secretary of Section A of AAAS, proposed that the Society Committee be made a joint committee with MAA and AAAS. The EC recommended that this be done. The Council approved. 4.16 AMS-MAA SIAM JOINT COMMITTEE ON GRAUDATE PROGRAMS AT TRADITIONALLY BLACK INSTITUTIONS. The MAA after discussion with the National Association of Mathematicians, recommended that his committee be discharged with thanks. The EC concurred with the recommendation and forwarded it to the Council for action. The intitiative for this action arose with the MAA, whose President Lynn Steen, commented. The charge to the Committee instructed it to be available to give advice on graduate programs, but not actively to seek recipients for such advice. In more than ten years there had not been a call for the service for which the Committee was established. The Council discharged the committee with thanks, subject to parallel formal action by sponsors, namely the MAA and NAM. In so doing, the Council noted that his action did not represent withdrawal of support for this segment of the mathematical community, but rather consolidation of effort behind the Committee on Opportunities in Mathematics for Disadvantaged Groups. 4.17 TRANSACTIONS EDITOR. It was announced that Donald Burkholder had resigned as a member of the Editorial Committee of the Transactions after three of the four years of his term and that Ronald Getoor had been appointed associate editor to cover the field (probability and statistics). The Council elected Getoor to the Editorial Committee to fill the vacancy for the remaining year. (This item and the two that follow were accomplised at a later time in executive session.) 4.18 SURVEYS AND MONOGRAPHS EDITOR. The Committee recommended that its number be increased by one that Irwin Kra be elected to fill the slot thus created. The Committee planned that his principal responsibility be for Contemporary Mathematics. The Council expanded the Committee and elected Kra to the newly created slot. The term is three years through 1988. 4.19 COUNCIL VACANCY. The bylaws specify that a vacancy on the Council caused by the death or resignation of a member-at-large more than a year before the end of the term, shall be filled by the Council at the next annual meeting. This statute applies with respect to the death of Albert T. Bharucha-Reid. The EC recommended that the vacancy be filled by Professor Cora Sadosky. The Council elected her to complete the term, that is, through 1987. OLD BUSINESS 8.1 MERGER OF MR AND ZBL. The Council of 4 January 1983, "approve[d] the principle of cooperation between and possible merger of MR and Zentralblatt." To that end,the Trustees authorized the establishment of a negotiationg team, of which Steve Armentrout is the Chairman. There have been several meetings with a German negotiating team. Negotiations have considered editorial supervision, editorial standards, coverage of field, division of labor, division of income, division of the market and administrative supervision. Possible areas of agreement on editorial matters and division of labor are emerging. There is nothing firm here because of the overriding nature of the financial aspects. There are counter proposals on division of income of the market on which there is no agreement. It was recognized that the remainder of the negotiation, the agreement, and the subsequent operation will be complex, if agreement is reached. Although the financial and editorial management of MR is in the hands of a single unit, the AMS, the same is not true of ZBL. It is composed and distributed by a commercial publisher, Springer. The editorial supervision is in the hands of the Heidelberger Akademie de Wissenschaften. The production is done by the Fachsinformationszentrum Energie Physik Mathematik Gmbh (FIZ), a corporation through which a government subsidy is provided for the editorial officers in Berlin. The interest of FIZ lies in the development and marketing of a related data base. There is more detail on these points in attachements. The EC and BT thought that it was time for the Council to see the nature of the agreement that is under consideration. It is the effect of a possible agreement on the editorial management and standards, on the production, and on the mathematical community that concerns the Council. It is up to the Trustees to judge the financial and marketing aspects of the agreement. These, however, impinge on the scientific aspects, so that is was appropriate for the Council to see the current status of these as well. All of this material is also in the attachments. Before proceeding further, the MR team and the Trustees wished to the benefit of the opinions of the Council now that the nature of a possible merger is clearer. The Council was apprized that the AMS negotiating team did not itself support unaniously the position that it has advanced. The EC approved in principle the scientific aspects of the position of the MR team, but that approval was not unanious. The Trustees approved in principle the position taken by the MR team on division of income, but that approval was not unanimous. There is a gap between the MR position and the ZBL on division of market are not firm, and do not agree. The EC and BT had contemplated the problem of division of the market. Neither body reached any conclusion here. To assist the Council, there were several attachments. One is a historical account of relevant aspects of the history of ZBL. A second is a substantial part of an item labeled Attachment 43. There p. 1 shows the two proposals on division of income pp. 2-8 are informal minutes and agenda, p. 9 shows the market, and pp. 10-11 state the tentative agreements reached. There is no pp. 12-15. Pp. 18-20 describe a possible division of market. Pp. 21-23 are a possible budget. Pp. 24-28 are informal minutes of a further negotiating session. The third attachment is an item labeled Attachment 56, and consists of financial and market analyses. There is an addendum to the material in this minute. The Council discussed these matters at length. There is no motion. A cautionary note was sounded by Tilla Milnor to the effect that there is a momentum to the process of negotiation that one can resist, and that is is possible to negotiate without reaching agreement. It may be that the most effective solution to a procedure of negotiation is to withdraw. 8.2 TEXTBOOKS MINUTE 4.1 OF 11 AUGUST 1985 shows that the Committee to Monitor Problems in Communication was designated by the Council on recommendation of the EC and BT of May 1985, minute 3.2 to be temporarily the editorial committee for textbooks. This is in conflict with the instruction given by the ECBT of May 1983, minute 6.6, to the Editorial Committee for Mathematicsl Surveys and Monographs that the latter was to be the Editorial Committee for textbooks. That committee has followed the recommendation in advertising its willingness and responsibility. See the NOTICES for March 1985, pp. 168-169, as was called to the attention of the Secretary by Susan Montgomery, Chairman of the Committee. The Secretary suggested that the Council action of August 1985, was carried out in ignorance of the fact that editorial responsiblity for graduate texts had been lodged rather than with the intent of changing the focus of that responsibility. The Council then removed graduate texts from the list of areas with Comm.-Comm. 8.3 REPORT ON THE BULLETIN. The ballot to more than 10,000 members of the Society (the ordinary, family, and contributing members) contained the following question: OPINION POLL If there were an option of either continuing to receive the BULLETIN OF THE AMS as a privilege of membership, or receiving a reduction of appoximately $10 per year in annual dues and not receiving the BULLETIN, I would probably choose as follows: [ ] Continue to receive the BULLETIN [ ] Choose a dues reduction without a BULLETIN subscription The subscription of the BULLETIN OF THE AMS which members receive as a privilege of membership has often been discussed by the EC of the Council, and the BT. The questions considered usually revolve around the value of that subscription to the membership. In an effort to determine a more accurate measure of general sentiment, it was decided to poll the ordinary, family and contributing members of the Society. There were 2,264 ballots returned with a response, the result being 1,442 for the first alternative, and 822 for the seond. This information was received by the Council. NEW BUSINESS 9.1 CLOSED MEETINGS. The following resolution, prepared and offered by Jean Taylor, had the endorsement of the EC. The Council of th AMS joins the AAAS in expressing vigorous opposition to any restraints on the open disucssion of current research, unless that research is explicitly classified, or proprietary. In particular, it supports the principle that conferences that discuss current research be open to anyone in the field, and opposes the holding of restricted or closed sessions discussing unclassifieid material. It also opposes any requirement of prior review by agencies of the Department of Defense of manuscripts resulting from unclassified research. It was proposed by Jean Taylor (through a note from Elliott Lieb) that the text be amended by addition of the following words: Furthermore, the AMS will not be responsible for, nor will it sponsor, closed or restricted access technical sessions at meetings, or conferences conducted under its auspices. These words are a slightly edited version of text presented to Secretary of Defense, Caspar Weinberger by the presidents of twelve scientific and engineering societies, including the AAAS. The wording of the addition was debated and finally the original paragraph was amended with the addition of the following second paragraph. Furthermore, the AMS will not be responsible for, nor will it sponsor, technical sessions with restricted access. With this amendment the resolution was passed. 9.2 COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY RESPONSIBILITIES FOR MATHEMATICS TEACHER EDUCATION. Prsident Lynn Steen of the MAA offered for discussion and possible approval, the attached statement prepared by two MAA committees. His covering letter is attached as well. The Council referred the matter to the EC with the understanding that the advice of the Committee on Educational Policy would be sought. 9.3 BOARD ON MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES; The new Chairman of the Board, Dr. Phillip Griffiths, addressed the Council. An amplification of his remarks is attached. (This item and the one that follows, actually took place earlier in the meeting.) 9.4 MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES EDUCATION BOARD. This is a newly constituted board under the sponsorship of the National Research Council. The Chairman is Shirley A. Hill, and the Executive Director is Marcia Sward. Dr. Sward addressed the Council. An amplication of her remarks is attached. INFORMATION AND RECORD 2.1 COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP. A sheet giving the membership of the Council and of the Trustees in 1986 is attached. This is a revised version that takes account of Council actions at this meeting. The Council list does not include Paul Halmos, who is a member until his replacement is elected about the middle of February. 2.2 ECBT MINUTES. The minutes of the EC and BT of 21-23 November 1985, were distributed separately for information and are attached. 2.3 CHINESE MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. The President of the AMS, in answer to a request to designate two representatives to the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Chinese Mathematical Society, named Jerry L. Kazdan and William J. LeVeque. 2.5 LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. Serge Lang addressed the attached letter to the Editorial Committee of the NOTICES. The response of the Chairman of the Editorial Committee is also attached. It was determined that one sentence and half of another had been edited out of a page and a half letter and that one stylistic change had been made in a letter, that the writer had been notified (but without the copy of the letter that he should have received), and that the writer had not received the notification because he was traveling. The internal controls of the Editorial Committee have been strengthened. The Council had recessed for dinner from 6:05-7:10 PM, having completed all of its work except the executive session, part of which is reported in items 4.17-4.19, and item 8.1, which had been postponed. The executive session was brief. The remainder of the time until adjournment at 9:25 PM was devoted to the discussion of item 8.1. Everett Pitcher, Secretary January 6, 1986